147th Anniversary of Abraham Lincoln’s Assassination (April 14, 1865)

April 14, 2012: Barry Cauchon

Like the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic, tonight marks the 147th anniversary of the shooting of Abraham Lincoln by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. The time was 10:15 pm EST. Tonight, if you are in the Eastern Time Zone under Daylight Savings Time, if you wish to accurately commemorate the moment, you would do this at 11:15 pm EDT.

The President would live throughout the night but die at 7:22 am the following morning on Saturday, April 15. This can be commemorated at 8:22 am EDT.

In three years (2015), it will be the 150th anniversary of the assassination.

Best.

Barry

Published in: on Saturday, April 14, 2012 at '8:55 pm'  Comments (1)  
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What Time Did the RMS Titanic Really Hit the Iceberg?

April 03, 2012: Barry Cauchon

The triple screws of the RMS Titanic

The triple screws of the RMS Titanic

As the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic approaches, I thought I’d republish an article I wrote back on April 18, 2009. I’ve updated the introduction and clarified some points, but the rest remains intact and is still relevant today. Enjoy. Barry

PS: I have added a TIME ZONE chart at the bottom of this article for people in the United States wishing to commemorate the exact time the Titanic hit the iceberg and sank (for your time zone today).

————————————

April 14 & 15 marks the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the RMS Titanic. If you are like me, I enjoy thinking about events like this in ‘real time’. For instance, Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth at 10:15 pm EST (Eastern Standard Time) on April 14, 1865. I currently live in this same time zone so on every anniversary (April 14), originally between the hours of 10:00 pm and 10:30 pm, I would imagine the series of events that took place minute by minute. I’ve done this since I was a kid so please don’t assume that I’m certifiable (at least not just yet)! But a few years ago I realized that I had not factored in Daylight Savings Time. For you perfectionists, by considering Daylight Savings Time, the correct tim for these events actually should take place between 11:00 and 11:30 pm EDT.

In the sinking of the Titanic, a number of different factors come into play that mess up my little game so I thought I’d spend a few minutes explaining them to you (lol). The accepted facts about the sinking are this:

  1. The Titanic struck the iceberg at 11:40 pm on April 14, 1912.
  2. The Titanic sank 2 hours and 40 minutes later at 2:20 am on April 15, 1912.

Now here is where it gets tricky.

The times noted above were based on “shipboard” time (the actual time on the ship). Calculating time at sea does not follow conventional land-based time zones. This was certainly the case in 1912. But to truly know what the time difference was, relative to other time zones, requires whose version of the events you use. It has become a puzzle for many, but two main ‘time differences’ are generally considered.

The first is based on the testimony of Titanic’s Second Officer Charles Lightoller who put the time as being 1 hour, 33 minutes ahead of New York City time (Eastern Standard Time)(EST). The other is from Charles Bigham, known as “Lord Mersey” of the High Court of the British Wreck Commissioner’s Inquiry. Bigham indicated that the time difference was 1 hour and 50 minutes ahead of EST. As many of us are not lucky enough to be in the middle of the North Atlantic when the anniversary is celebrated, here are the adjusted times for Eastern Standard Time using both calculations.

Lightoller’s Version (1 hour 33 minutes ahead of EST)(-5)

  1. The Titanic struck the iceberg at 10:07 pm (EST) on April 14, 1912.
  2. The Titanic sank 2 hours and 40 minutes later at 12:47 am (EST) on April 15, 1912.

Lord Mersey’s Version (1 hour 50 minutes ahead of EST)(-5)

  1. The Titanic struck the iceberg at 9:50 pm (EST) on April 14, 1912.
  2. The Titanic sank 2 hours and 40 minutes later at 12:30 am (EST) on April 15, 1912.

But wait, there is more! For the real perfectionists out there, what about Daylight Savings Time in the Eastern Time Zone (EDT)(Eastern Daylight Time)? Well Daylight Savings Time was not a factor in 1912 as it didn’t go into use in England, Germany and the United States until WWI. However, it is in effect today. So if you attempt to reenact the minute by minute events in real time by using the EST calculations listed above you will once again be incorrect. Assuming that you are in, let’s say New York City for example, during Daylight Savings Time (EDT), then these are the correct times to base your ‘real time’ reenactment.

Lightoller’s Version (33 minutes ahead of EDT)(-4)

  1. The Titanic struck the iceberg at 11:07 pm (EDT) on April 14, 2012.
  2. The Titanic sank 2 hours and 40 minutes later at 1:47 am (EDT) on April 15, 2012.

Lord Mersey’s Version (50 minutes ahead of EDT)(-4)

  1. The Titanic struck the iceberg at 10:50 pm (EDT) on April 14, 2012.
  2. The Titanic sank 2 hours and 40 minutes later at 1:30 am (EDT) on April 15, 2012.

Confusing! You bet! But if this kind of perfection turns your crank, then use this last set of calculations above to get as close to the truth (as we know it) as you can get.

titanic

On April 14, 1912 I struck the iceberg at 11:40 pm shipboard time and sank at on April 15, 1912 at 2:20 am shipboard time.

So the next time you think about the RMS Titanic on the evening of April 14 & 15 know what time it really struck the iceberg and when it sank based on the two options above.

Note: If you are not in the Eastern Time Zone (such as New York City) and want to know the Titanic times as listed in the last example for 2012 times, go to any Time Zone Map and calculate the difference in hours between your time zone and the Eastern Time Zone, then either add or subtract the difference to find the correct times. For instance, California (PDT) is three hours behind New York City. Don’t forget about Daylight Savings Time if applicable (in this case, it is).

Lightoller’s Version (3 hours, 33 minutes ahead of EDT)

  1. The Titanic struck the iceberg at 8:07 pm (PDT)(-7) on April 14, 2012.
  2. The Titanic sank 2 hours and 40 minutes later at 10:47 pm (PDT)(-7) on April 14, 2012.

Lord Mersey’s Version (3 hours, 50 minutes ahead of EDT)

  1. The Titanic struck the iceberg at 7:50 pm (PDT)(-7) on April 14, 2012.
  2. The Titanic sank 2 hours and 40 minutes later at 10:30 pm (PDT)(-7) on April 14, 2012.

Best

Barry

QUICK REFERENCE CHART FOR UNITED STATES TIME ZONES
These are the times in your time zone to commemorate the exact moments the Titanic struck the iceberg and sank.

LIGHTOLLER VERSION – TITANIC STRIKES ICEBERG at 10:07 PM EST ON APRIL 14, 1912 (11:40 pm shipboard time)

MODERN DAY TIMES
EDT (EASTERN DAYLIGHT TIME) 11:07 PM (APR 14)
CDT (CENTRAL DAYLIGHT TIME) 10:07 PM (APR 14)
MDT (MOUNTAIN DAYLIGHT TIME) 9:07 PM (APR 14)
PDT (PACIFIC DAYLIGHT TIME) 8:07 PM (APR 14)
AKDT (ALASKA DAYLIGHT TIME) 7:07 PM (APR 14)
HST (HAWAII STANDARD TIME) 5:07 PM (APR 14)
MST (ARIZONA STANDARD TIME) 8:07 PM (APR 14)

LIGHTOLLER VERSION – TITANIC SINKS at 12:47 AM EST ON APRIL 15, 1912 (2:20 am shipboard time)

MODERN DAY TIMES
EDT (EASTERN DAYLIGHT TIME) 1:47 AM (APR 15)
CDT (CENTRAL DAYLIGHT TIME) 12:47 AM (APR 15)
MDT (MOUNTAIN DAYLIGHT TIME) 11:47 PM (APR 14)
PDT (PACIFIC DAYLIGHT TIME) 10:47 PM (APR 14)
AKDT (ALASKA DAYLIGHT TIME) 9:47 PM (APR 14)
HST (HAWAII STANDARD TIME) 7:47 PM (APR 14)
MST (ARIZONA STANDARD TIME) 10:47 PM (APR 14)

———————————————————————————–

LORD MERSEY VERSION – TITANIC STRIKES ICEBERG at 9:50 PM EST ON APRIL 14, 1912 (11:40 pm shipboard time)

MODERN DAY TIMES
EDT (EASTERN DAYLIGHT TIME) 10:50 PM (APR 14)
CDT (CENTRAL DAYLIGHT TIME) 9:50 PM (APR 14)
MDT (MOUNTAIN DAYLIGHT TIME) 8:50 PM (APR 14)
PDT (PACIFIC DAYLIGHT TIME) 7:50 PM (APR 14)
AKDT (ALASKA DAYLIGHT TIME) 6:50 PM (APR 14)
HST (HAWAII STANDARD TIME) 4:50 PM (APR 14)
MST (ARIZONA – STANDARD TIME) 7:50 PM (APR 14)

LORD MERSEY VERSION – TITANIC SINKS at 12:30 AM EST ON APRIL 15, 1912 (2:20 am shipboard time)

MODERN DAY TIMES
EDT (EASTERN DAYLIGHT TIME) 1:30 AM (APR 15)
CDT (CENTRAL DAYLIGHT TIME) 12:30 AM (APR 15)
MDT (MOUNTAIN DAYLIGHT TIME) 11:30 PM (APR 14)
PDT (PACIFIC DAYLIGHT TIME) 10:30 PM (APR 14)
AKDT (ALASKA DAYLIGHT TIME) 9:30 PM (APR 14)
HST (HAWAII STANDARD TIME) 7:30 PM (APR 14)
MST (ARIZONA STANDARD TIME) 10:30 PM (APR 14)

outreach@awesometalks.com

CASTING FOR FUTURE PRESIDENTIAL FILMS

May 06, 2011: Barry Cauchon

Last month, Robert Redford’s feature film, The Conspirator was released in theaters across North America. Although many in the Lincoln Assassination Research community are quite pleased with the film, the one criticism that I’ve heard more than any other is that the actors did not resemble the characters they were hired to play.

So to have some fun with this, let’s play the game of Casting Agent. I’d like you to pick some historical characters from US history and cast an actor to play them in a future Presidential film. The actor can be living or dead but the only stipulation is that the actor has to look as much like the historical character as possible. Talent is not required.

Send your choices with pictures (of both the character and the actor) to my email at outreach@awesometalks.com.

I’ll start you off with a few choices of my own and post the best of your picks as they come in.

Have fun.

Here are two historical characters that you can start casting for. Or chose your own historical character and cast the actor that looks most like them.

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

April 14 & 15 – Two Memorable Dates for Two Memorable Events

April 14, 2011: Barry Cauchon

Two significant events occurred on the dates of April 14 & 15. The first occurred in 1865 when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. The second occurred 47 years later in 1912 when the RMS Titanic struck and iceberg and sank to the bottom of the North Atlantic Ocean.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN’S ASSASSINATION: 146 years ago today

President Abraham Lincoln attended the play “Our American Cousin” at Ford’s Theatre on the night of Friday (Good Friday) April 14, 1865. The war had been over for less than a week and the President truly looked forward to enjoying an evening out. At about 10:15 pm, as the play was underway, John Wilkes Booth slipped into the Presidential box and shot the President.

Mortally wounded, Lincoln was carried across the street to the Petersen home where he lived for another few hours. At 7:22 a.m. on Saturday morning, April 15 he succumbed to his injury and died.

SINKING OF THE RMS TITANIC: 99 years ago today

The RMS Titanic, traveling on its maiden voyage from Europe to the United States, struck an iceberg at 11:40 p.m on Sunday, April 14, 1912 and began taking on water. Soon the Captain and crew realized that there was no hope in saving the ship and she would eventually founder. At 2:20 a.m. on Monday, April 15, the ship sank. There were not enough life boats on board to save everyone and 1517 people died in the disaster.

Since I was a boy, the dates of April 14 and 15 have stayed with me due to these two tragic events and I make special note of them each year their anniversaries arrive.

Best.

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

WHAT IF…

November 01, 2010: Barry Cauchon

The following WHAT IF questions have no bearing on real history and are proposed here solely for entertainment and to provoke intelligent discussion. Feel free to add your own.

WHAT IF… Jack the Ripper had been captured alive and studied by medical men in 1888, and those studies then used years later to help experts in understanding future serial killers. How many lives might have been saved?

WHAT IF… Astronaut Neil Armstrong had broken his leg five weeks prior to the launch of Apollo 11. Would he still have been the first man to walk on the moon?

WHAT IF… Adolf Hitler and other key members of the Nazi party had been passengers on the Hindenburg when it burst into flames as it attempted to dock at Lakehurst , NJ on May 7, 1936? Assuming they did not survive, how would history have been changed without these men there to drive their party’s agenda?

WHAT IF… Elvis Presley had not died at the age of 42 in 1977? Would he have had a huge comeback and produced many more memorable songs that we would all know and consider classics today?

WHAT IF… Abraham Lincoln had been assassinated in 1862, three years prior to his actual death in 1865, and only part way through his first term as President? How would it have affected the outcome of the Civil War?

WHAT IF… all four of Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln’s children had lived to ripe old ages. Only one reached adulthood. Might there have been another Lincoln in the White House?

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

Published in: on Monday, November 1, 2010 at '5:24 pm'  Comments (1)  
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An Awesometalk With STEVEN G. MILLER, expert on the hunt for John Wilkes Booth

August 01, 2010: Barry Cauchon

Steven G. Miller, expert on the hunt for John Wilkes Booth

An Awesometalk With Steven G. Miller

Duration: 42:28

Steven G. Miller knows more about the hunt for John Wilkes Booth and the men who participated in it than most people in the world. He has been researching the subject for thirty years. However, if you try to call him an expert in the subject he frowns upon the title. There is just too much more to learn so an expert, he says, he is not!

Despite Steven’s objections, many of us believe that he is an expert and the best person to talk to regarding the hunt for John Wilkes Booth and what really happened in his final hours.

Steven is a gifted researcher, writer and historian. He has written numerous articles for magazines and periodicals and has one unpublished book about the eyewitness accounts taken from the Garrett farm the night John Wilkes Booth was captured and killed..

I’ve known Steve for about two years and he always has something amazing to share. He’s also a pretty humorous guy with a really dry wit.

Steve will be speaking for the sixth time at the Surratt Society Assassination Conference in Clinton, MD next March 19, 2011. For more details, go to the Surratt Society website at: www.surratt.org.

Enjoy.

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

July 07, 1865 – Lincoln Conspirators Executed

July 07, 2010: Barry Cauchon

It was 145 years ago today that four of the eight conspirators tried for the assassination of Abraham Lincoln were marched to the gallows to carry out their sentences of execution.

This account is a simplified version of what occurred that day.

This image is from the front page of the March 21, 1896 edition of the Philadelphia Inquirer (sent to me by Boston Corbett expert Steven G. Miller)

George Atzerodt, David Herold, Lewis Powell and Mary Surratt (the first woman to be executed by the United States Federal Government) had received the news of their sentences only 24 hours earlier and now, their time had come.

Just after 1:00pm, the four condemned were escorted from their cell block into the south yard of the Arsenal Penitentiary where they had been held since early May. Their trial had been conducted in a makeshift courtroom on the third floor of the east wing of the facility.

As they emerged from the penitentiary’s heavily fortified door, they were accompanied by twenty-two other people (military officers, soldiers, detectives and clergy). One by one the conspirators were assisted up the thirteen steps of the scaffold and seated. The executioner, Captain Christian Rath, placed Mary Surratt in the chair farthest to the left. He later stated that this was the traditional “place of honor” for a hanging. Next to Mrs. Surratt was Lewis Powell, the man who attempted to assassinate the Secretary of State, William H. Seward on the same night that the President was cut down. Next came David Herold, who accompanied John Wilkes Booth during his 12-day flight after the assassination. Herold gave himself up when he and Booth were cornered in the tobacco barn at the Garrett Farm. Finally, George Atzerodt was seated at the far right side of the scaffold. Atzerodt’s assignment had been to kill Vice President Andrew Johnson, which he never even attempted, but was still convicted for his part in the conspiracy.

All four sat quietly while General John F. Hartranft read the Orders of Execution (the death warrant). Upon completing the reading, Lewis Powell’s minister stepped forward and  spoke on behalf of Powell, thanking the staff and soldiers who had guarded him for all their kindnesses and then said a prayer for Powell’s soul. Next came David Herold’s minister who did the same. George Atzerodt’s minister spoke last and repeated the process, thanking the staff and then praying for Atzerodt’s soul.

The two Catholic priests who accompanied Mary Surratt did not speak publicly and prayed with her quietly during this time.

After the last prayer had been said, there was nothing left to do but prepare the four for hanging. They were told to stand and were positioned on the traps that would be knocked out from under them in a few short minutes. Designated officers, detectives and the executioner bound their legs and arms with cloth strips, fitted the nooses around their necks and placed canvas hoods over their heads.

As soon as all were prepared, the assistants stepped back off of the traps, leaving only the four condemned standing and waiting. Quickly a signal was given and the traps were sprung. The four dropped. Two seemed to lose consciousness immediately and suffered little if any, while the other two remained conscious and ‘died hard’.

Thus brought to a close, the harshest punishments doled out by the military commission assigned to try the conspirators accused in the assassination of President Lincoln.

As many of you know, John Elliott (my writing and research partner) and I are preparing an in-depth study on the executions and the events that happened within the walls of the Arsenal Penitentiary. Our book is called “Inside the Walls: The Final Days of the Lincoln Conspirators”. It will be filled with photographs, illustrations, forensic and detailed analysis, architectural drawings, fascinating stories and a full review of the Alexander Gardner execution photographs.

We anticipate the book will be ready by the end of 2010.

If you wish to receive updated information on the book, please sign up on my update list by writing me at outreach@awesometalks.com and put the word BOOK in the subject line. As well, visit our Facebook page at Inside the Walls (click on the icon at the upper right hand side of this page).

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

JULY (2012) BIRTHDAYS FOR LINCOLN’S FRIENDS AND FOES

AS OF JULY, 2012

The following friends and foes of Abraham Lincoln celebrate birthdays in July.

Happy Birthday!!!

Gideon Welles - Secretary of War Union 1861 -1869 Gideon Welles – Union Secretary of the Navy. Born July 1, 1802. Age 210.

Robert Augustus Toombs. CS Secretary of State 1861 Robert Augustus Toombs. 1st Confederate Secretary of State. Born July 2, 1810. Age 202.

James Johnston Pettigrew 1863 James Johnston Pettigrew. Confederate States Brigadier General who led his brigade on the ill-fated final charge at Gettysburg on July 3, 1863 known as Pickett’s Charge. Born July 4, 1828. Age 184.

Stephen Foster Stephen Foster. Composer of “Oh! Susanna”, “My Own Kentucky Home” & “Swanee River”. Born July 4, 1826. Age 186.

David Glasgow Farragut Union Vice Admiral David Glasgow Farragut. Admiral, Vice Admiral and Rear Admiral of the Union Navy. On August 5, 1864, while rallying his troops to victory at the Battle of Mobile Bay, Farragut is credited with shouting (paraphased) “Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!” Born July 5, 1801. Age 211.

James Seddon James Alexander Seddon, Confederate States Secretary of War. Born July 13, 1815. Age 197.

Samuel Colt. U.S. inventor of Colt 6-shooter revolver. Born July 19, 1814. Age 198.

John Ericsson (inventor of USS Monitor) John Ericsson. U.S. inventor of the screw propeller and the Union ironclad USS Monitor, which battled the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia (Merrimack) in Hampton Roads, Virginia on March 9, 1862. Born July 31, 1803. Age 209.

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

MAY (2012) BIRTHDAYS FOR LINCOLN’S FRIENDS & FOES

AS OF MAY 2012

Here are some May birthdays for Lincoln’s friends and foes. And perhaps a few who lived before, during or just after his time.

Mary Surratt – Lincoln conspirator. Born in May (or June), 1823. Age 189.

julia-tyler Julia  Gardiner Tyler, 2nd wife of President John Tyler and 1st lady of the United States (1844-45). Born May 4, 1820. Age 192.

marx-bio Karl Marx,  Communist philosopher. Born May 5, 1818. Age 194.

julia_ward_howe_2 Julia Ward Howe, writer of ‘The Battle Hymn of the Republic’ which was first published 1862. Born May 27, 1819. Age 193.

tchaikovsky Peter Il’yich Tchaikovsky, Russian Composer. Born May 7, 1840. Age 172.

john-brown-1-sized John Brown, abolitionist who led attack on Harper’s Ferry. Hanged in 1859. Born May, 9, 1800. Age 212.

picture-584 John Wilkes Booth, assassin of President Abraham Lincoln. He witnessed John Browns hanging in 1859. Born May 10, 1838. Age 174.

250px-florence_nightingale_1920_reproduction Florence Nightingale, Italian nurse. May 12, 1820. Age 192.

picture-569 William Henry Seward, Secretary of State (1861-69). Born May 16, 1801. Age 211.

emerson12_cr Ralph Waldo Emerson, US writer. Born May 25, 1803. Age 209.

billhickok1867-2-500 James Butler ‘Wild Bill’ Hickok, American cowboy and scout. Born May 27, 1837. Age 175.

134-195_amexp-walt_whitman-web Walt Whitman, US Poet. Born May 31, 1819. Age 193.

Happy birthday ladies and gentlemen.

Also, I want to wish my daughter Madeleine a very Happy Birthday. Born May 15, 1992. Age 20. Love you kiddo!

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

NOTE: If you notice any errors (or mistakes in the age calculations) blame me, laugh, and then feel free to comment with the correct information.

UPCOMING POSTINGS FOR ‘A LITTLE TOUCH OF HISTORY’

April 25, 2010: Barry Cauchon

Here is my proposed schedule for the next few weeks on “A Little Touch of History”.  Enjoy.

  • April 26 to 30STATE YOUR CASE (No. 2) – John Elliott: “When did Booth break his leg”?
  • May 1 — May birthdays for Lincoln Friends and Foes
  • May 2 to 8AN AWESOMETALK WITH Betty Ownsbey, author “Alias Paine”, the Lewis Powell biography 
  • May 9 — Open
  • May 10 to 14STATE YOUR CASE (No. 3) – Angela Smythe “Has He Been Hiding in Plain Sight? John Wilkes Booth and the Richmond Grays”
  • May 15 — Open
  • May 16 to 22AN AWESOMETALK WITH G.C. Rivera, the Unique and Surprising Mr. P.

Note: Schedule may change without notice.

On a separate note, I had planned to interview Gloria Swift, the museum curator at Ford’s Theatre. However, Laurie Verge has informed me that Gloria has now taken a position with Fort Pulaski in Savannah, Georgia. I met Gloria back in March and she is a wonderful person. I truly wish her well in her new posting at Fort Pulaski.

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

Protected: STATE YOUR CASE (No. 1): Deathbed Photo of Abraham Lincoln

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Protected: STATE YOUR CASE: Case #1: Coming later this week

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APRIL (2012) BIRTHDAYS FOR LINCOLN’S FRIENDS & FOES

AS OF APRIL 2012

Here are some April birthdays for Lincoln’s friends and foes. And perhaps a few who lived before, during or just after his time.

250px-lew_wallace_-_brady-handy1  Lew Wallace, member of the military commission that tried the Lincoln conspirators. Later wrote the novel “Ben Hur”. Born April 10, 1827. Age 185.

surratt210phot  John H. Surratt (Mary Surratt’s son), Lincoln conspirator who escaped to Canada and then Europe. Caught and returned for trial in June 1867 but was acquitted due to a hung jury. Like Powell, he was also just age 21 at the time of Lincoln’s assassination. Born April 13, 1844. Age 168.

225px-lucretia_garfield_-_brady-handy1  Lucretia Rudolph Garfield, 1st lady (1881) and wife of President James A. Garfield. Born April 19, 1832. Age 180.

lewis-powell-csp11  Lewis Powell (aka Lewis Paine or Payne), convicted Lincoln conspirator executed at the Washington Arsenal Penitentiary on July 7, 1865 at age 21. Born April 22, 1844. Age 168.

200px-stephen_arnold_douglas  Stephen A. Douglas, Illinois politician nicknamed “Little Giant” (5′-4″ tall) famed for his seven public debates with Abraham Lincoln for the Senate seat often referred to as the Lincoln-Douglas Debates. Born April 23, 1813. Age 199.

450px-ulysses_grant_1870-18801  Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States (1869 – 77). Born April 27, 1822. Age 190.

Happy birthday lady and gentlemen.

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

NOTE: If you notice any errors (or mistakes in the age calculations) blame me, laugh, and then feel free to comment with the correct information.

NEW ADDRESS FOR THE ‘ABRAHAM LINCOLN RESEARCH SITE’

 

March 7, 2010: Barry Cauchon

ANNOUNCEMENT

I just received a note from Roger Norton, the webmaster for the wonderful Lincoln website called the Abraham Lincoln Research Site. Roger has created his own domain for the site and announces that he now has a new URL. If you have visited Roger’s site over the years and have saved his old URL, now is the perfect time to change it. Here is the information below.

Abraham Lincoln Research Site

OLD URL:  http://home.att.net/~rjnorton/Lincoln2.html

NEW URL:  http://rogerjnorton.com/Lincoln2.html 

As I have many links to the Abraham Lincoln Research Site within the articles posted here on A Little Touch of History, I will begin to change them. If you find any that I’ve missed, please let me know so I can rectify the situation.

Congratulations Roger on finally creating a domain of your own. I know you’ve been working on it for some time.

Best

Barry

 

outreach@awesometalks.com

 
 

 

 

 

MARCH (2012) BIRTHDAYS FOR LINCOLN’S FRIENDS & FOES

AS OF MARCH 2012

Here are some March birthdays for Lincoln’s friends and foes. And perhaps a few who lived before, during or just after his time.

abigailfillmore1  Abigail Powers Fillmore, 1st lady (1850-53) and wife of President Millard Fillmore. Born March 13, 1798. Age 214.

200px-grover_cleveland  Grover Cleveland, 22nd (1885-89) & 24th (1893-97) President of the United States. Born March 18, 1837. Age 175.

225px-benito_juarez_presidente  Benito Pablo Juarez Garcia, President of Mexico (1858-72). Born March 21, 1806. Age 206.

230px-scolfax  Schuyler Colfax, Republican. 17th VP of the United States (under President Grant)(1869-73). Born March 23, 1823. Age 189.

gutzon20borglum20p4920low20res  Gutzon Borglum, sculpturer of Mount Rushmore. Born March 25, 1867. Age 145.

john-tyler  John Tyler, 10th President of the United States (1841-45). Died on January 18, 1862 while Lincoln was in office. Born March 29, 1790. Age. 222.

Happy birthday lady & gentlemen!

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

HOW OLD WAS ABRAHAM LINCOLN WHEN …

February 14, 2010: Barry Cauchon

HOW OLD WAS ABRAHAM LINCOLN WHEN …

1. … he won the first of four straight terms in the Illinois State Legislature? The year was 1834 and Lincoln was 25 years old.

2. … he his brother and sister passed away? Abraham Lincoln had one brother and sister, Thomas and Sarah. Thomas died in infancy sometime between 1811 to as late as 1815 (real date unknown). Sarah was two years older than Abraham. She died during childbirth three weeks before her 21st birthday on January 21, 1828. Abe would have been somewhere between the ages of 2 and 6 when his brother died, and almost 19 when his sister died.

3. … he had his first love? Abraham Lincoln first love may have been Ann Mayes Rutledge but there is no concrete evidence to support this. It is assumed that they were at least good friends sometime between 1830 and 1835, when Ann died at the young age of 22 years old. Lincoln would have been between the ages of 21 and 26 years old during this period.

4. … he proposed to a woman named Mary Owens? 1837 was the year that Abraham Lincoln proposed to Mary Owens. To his surprise and disappointment she turned him down. Abraham was 28.

5. … he first met Mary Ann Todd, his future Mrs. Lincoln? It was in 1839 and Abe was 30.

6. … he and Mary got engaged? It was in the fall of 1840 which would make Lincoln 31 years old.

7. … he broke of his engagement with Mary Todd (a lot of you didn’t know that, did you)? It was in 1841 and Abraham Lincoln would have been 32 years old.

8. …he faced down James Shields in a duel. It was on Sept 22, 1842 and after calmer  heads prevailed, the duel was called off. Mr. Lincoln was 33 years old.

9. … married Mary Todd.  The date was Nov 4, 1842 and Abraham was 33 years old. Mary would be his wife  for  the next 22-1/2 years until his assassination in 1865.

10. …he was elected as President of the United States for his first term? Lincoln was elected to office on November 6, 1860 when he was 51 years old.

11. …he was elected as President of the United States for his second term? Lincoln was elected for a second term on November 6, 1864 when he was 55 years old.

12. …he was assassinated on April 14, 1865? Lincoln was 56 years old.

Thank you.

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

FEBRUARY (2012) BIRTHDAYS FOR “LINCOLN” & HIS FRIENDS & FOES

AS OF FEBRUARY 2012

FEBRUARY 12, 2012:  Barry Cauchon

HAPPY 203rd BIRTHDAY ABE!

The picture below was sent to me three years ago by Corrine MaCauley on the 200th anniversary of Lincoln’s birth. I liked it so much I wanted to keep it here for awhile. Thanks Corrine.

Thank you to Corrine Macauley and the West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Thank you to Corrine Macauley and the West Chester University of Pennsylvania for this creative birthday photo.

Here are some other February birthdays for Lincoln’s friends and foes. And perhaps a few contemporaries who lived during his time but whom he may not have been personally acquainted with.

john-deere  John Deere, pioneer manufacturer of agricultural equipment. Born February 7, 1804, Age 208.

charles-dickens  Charles Dickens, English novelist, Oliver Twist and Tale of 2 Cities. Born February 7, 1812. Age 200.

jules_verne  Jules Verne, French sci-fi writer, From the Earth to the Moon. Born February 8, 1828. Age 184.

thomas_edison  Thomas Edison, American inventor. Born February 11, 1847. Age 165.

charles_darwin_1880  Charles Darwin, discoverer of evolution, Origin of Species. Born February 12 , 1809. Age 203.

200px-wscotthancock  Major General Winfield Scott Hancock. Senior military officer in charge of the Lincoln conspirator executions. Born February 14, 1824. Age 188.

200px-susan_b_anthony_older_years  Susan B. Anthony. American activist, women’s suffragette. Born February 15, 1820.  Age 192.

victor_hugo  Victor Hugo, French author, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Les Miserables. Born February 26, 1802. Age 210.

john-nicolay  John G. Nicolay, Lincoln’s private secretary and co-biographer with John Hay. Born February 26, 1832.  Age 180.

buffalo_bill_cody  William “Buffalo Bill” Cody, American western frontiersman. Born February 26, 1846. Age 166.

200px-henrywlongfellow1868  Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, poet. Born February 27, 1807. Age 205.

Happy birthday lady & gentlemen!

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

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If you are interested in Abraham Lincoln, you should read these interviews by three Lincoln experts:

“An Awesometalk With” ROGER NORTON, Webmaster of the ‘Abraham Lincoln Research Site’ (posted on December 30, 2008)

“An Awesometalk With” DR. THOMAS SCHWARTZ, Illinois State Historian (posted on December 08, 2008)

“An Awesometalk With” HAROLD HOLZER, Lincoln Scholar (posted on November 10, 2008)

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JANUARY (2012) BIRTHDAYS FOR LINCOLN FRIENDS & FOES

AS OFJANUARY 2012

Here are some January birthdays for Lincoln’s friends and foes. And perhaps a few contemporaries who lived during his time but whom he may not have been personally acquainted with.

225px-millard_fillmore Milliard Fillmore – 13th President of the United States. Born January 07, 1800. Age 212.

225px-salmon_chase2c_brady-handy_photo_portrait_ca1855-1865 Salmon P. Chase – Secretary of the Treasury under Lincoln. Born January 13, 1808. Age 204. 

 200px-robert_edward_lee Robert E. Lee – Confederate Full General who commanded the Army of Northern Virginia. Born January 19, 1807. Age 205.

200px-edgar_allan_poe_2 Edgar Allan Poe – American author. Born January 19, 1809. Age 203.

 200px-stonewall_jackson Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson – Confederate Lieutenant General. Born January 21, 1824. Age 188.

240px-georgepickett George Edward Pickett – Confederate Major General, who, whether right or wrong, is blamed for the ill-fated, final assault at Gettysburg which now bears his name as Pickett’s Charge. Born between January 16 – 28, 1825. Age 187.

Happy birthday gentlemen!

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

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DECEMBER (2012) BIRTHDAYS FOR LINCOLN FRIENDS & FOES

AS OF DECEMBER 2012

Here are some December birthdays for Lincoln’s friends and foes. And perhaps a few contemporaries who lived during his time but whom he may not have been personally acquainted with.

  George B. McLellan – Major General (Union). Born December 3, 1826. Age 186.

  George Armstrong Custer – Major General (Union) & Indian fighter. Born December 5, 1839. Age 174.

  Henry Wells – Founder of the American Express Co. and Wells, Fargo & Company. Born December 12, 1805. Age 207.

  Mary Todd Lincoln – Wife of President Abraham Lincoln. Born December 13, 1818. Age 194.

general-hartranft-2-tex  Brevet Major General John Hartranft – Read the Order of Execution on the scaffold to the four condemned Lincoln conspirators. He later became Governor of Pennsylvania from 1872 to 1879. Born December 16, 1830. Age 182.

  Edwin M. Stanton – Secretary of War (1861-1865). Born December 19, 1814. Age 198. 

  Dr. Samuel A. Mudd – One of eight Lincoln conspirators put on trial for Lincoln’s assassination. Dr. Mudd set John Wilkes Booth broken leg while on the run. Born December 20, 1833. Age 179.

  Christopher “Kit” Carson –  American frontiersman. Born December 24, 1809. Age 203.

Happy birthday lady & gentlemen!

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com

MR. P’s PHOTOGRAPH IS AN ORIGINAL!!!!

November 22, 2009: Barry Cauchon

Hi all: On Friday, November 19, I had the honor to Mr. Harold Holzer at his office in NYC. We have corresponded and spoken on the phone for over a year and it was great to finally meet him face-to-face. Although the main reason for our meeting is not the subject of this posting, we resolved a puzzle that has been on my mind for over a year. As some of my dedicated readers may remember, in August of 2008, I posted a photograph on my blog from a person I referred to as Mr. P. 

Mr. P. owns a photograph in a Victorian frame which he believed was one of Lincoln in death. I posted it on the blog asking anyone who might want to comment on it. In less than a week, I received an email from Harold Holzer stating that the photograph was not one of Lincoln in death. Instead it was an existing image considered to be a fake or spurious one. It had been previously published in books in the early 1960’s. And that was that. I published Mr. Holzer’s findings on August 21, 2008 and informed Mr. P. about the results.  But we still wondered about the Victorian framed photograph and how Mr. P’s family came to have this piece. Who was this man? What type of photographic process was used? Was it a printed copy or an original? We just didn’t know and didn’t dare open it without help.

We zip ahead to last week. A lot has changed in one year. Mr. P. is now one of my closest friends. I’ve partnered with John Elliott to be my writing partner and are moving ahead with our book and other projects. So we all meet in NYC and descend upon the office of Harold Holzer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. After our scheduled meeting with Mr. Holzer, Mr. P. brought out the photograph and we asked if Mr. Holzer would look at it. Since it was this photo that brought all of us together, we thought it was appropriate to have him be the one to look at it.

Yours truly, Abe, Harold Holzer and John Elliott

Yours truly, Abe, Harold Holzer and John Elliott

Upon inspection, Mr. Holzer opened the frame to expose the photograph. Once apart, we observed that the image was printed on a glass plate. Mr. Holzer indicated that it was an Ambrotype which was a photographic process used in the early 1800s. And as this was an Ambrotype it meant that the photograph was an original and not a reproduction. AMAZING! This photo, which has been published in numerous Lincoln books, is the original Ambrotype from which these reproduced photos were made.

We were all very excited about the confirmation. Thank you Mr. Holzer for a great meeting and the photographic identification. So even though the image is not that of Abraham Lincoln in death and is considered a fake, at least now we know that Mr. P. owns the original fake.

By the way, Mr. P. indicates that bidding can begin at $2,000,000.    : )

Below is part of the original article that was written over a year ago that started this whole train moving down the track.

HAROLD HOLZER COMMENTS ON “LINCOLN IN DEATH” PICTURES

August 21, 2008 – Barry Cauchon:

Hi all: My blog has had a flurry of activity recently concerning several articles that I had posted on questionable Lincoln Photos in Death. I was honored to be contacted by Mr. Harold Holzer, the Senior Vice President, External Affairs from the Metropolitan Museum of Art in NYC. Mr. Holzer is an historian and author, considered to be one of the leading Lincoln scholars in the world and he graciously offered to comment on the photos I have been debating here.

2. MR. P’s PHOTOGRAPH

This is the first time we are publishing this photograph here. We were going to wait until September 3, 2008 however the review by Mr. Holzer allows us to post it now.

Metal plate photo in hinged frame

Mr. P's photo in hinged frame

Close up of the picture 

 Close up of face.

Close up of beard Close up of beard
Close up of hands Close up of hands
RESOLVE: Mr. Holzer reviewed these images on Tuesday, August 19 and expressed the following observations:
  • The beard is too full (as previously mentioned above)
  • “Why would Secretary of War Stanton have allowed a photographer to make this intrusive shot when he confiscated the picture of Lincoln all dressed up and lying in state in NY City hall?”
  • The arms and chest are too narrow. When the doctors removed Lincoln’s shirt after he was shot, they notice his chest and arms were very muscular. He was ‘ripped’. The body in these photos is not.
  • Is this a Daguerreotype? “Unlikely, as it would be just way out of fashion by 1865 and too hard to take in a room with no lighting.”

All of these were valid points, but the best was still to come!

  • The photo is not a new image. Mr. Holzer pointed out that he had seen it before in Charles Hamilton and Lloyd Ostendorf’s 1963 book, “Lincoln in Photographs: An Album of Every Known Pose”, 1st edition, on page 294. Mr. Holzer stated, “It seems to me they are one and the same shot with the alleged deathbed photo Lloyd Ostendorf and Charles Hamilton published as a spurious image in their 1963 “Lincoln in Photographs,” p 294.  I don’t disagree with their conclusions—the beard is simply wrong.  Lincoln may have had a sort of full beard for his February 1865 life mask, but as the March inaugural photos and the Henry Warren photos show the next day (not to mention the known photo of Lincoln in his coffin), his beard had been considerably trimmed down by the spring of that year”.  
  • END

After conversing with Mr. Holzer on several points for clarification, I was able to find the same photo (although reversed) in another book call “Twenty Days” by Dorthy Meserve Kunhardt & Philip Kunhardt, Jr., Harper & Rowe Publishers, NY, 1965 (see photo and link below). It looks like the exact same photo!

Identical photo (in reverse) from book "Twenty Days" by Dorthy Meserve Kunhardt and Philip Kunhardt, Jr. 

 Identical photo (in reverse) from book “Twenty Days” by Dorthy Meserve Kunhardt.

http://news.webshots.com/photo/1003168559000142258BBKqRGIYne
 
CONCLUSION: The image is unlikely that of Mr. Lincoln based on the information presented here. But it does raise several questions about who it really is and the origin of the image itself.

QUESTIONS: Some of the questions raised are as follows:

  • Assuming that Mr. P. has an original Daguerreotype or tintype of this image, how did it end up in several books in the 1960s? Mr. P. found the photograph in a desk that his grandmother left to him when she died. This was about 25 years ago. The printed images have been in the public eye for at least 45 years!
  • Does Mr. P. have the original or is it a copy?
  • Was there more than one image made of the body at the time the photograph was shot?
  • Who is the man? Could it be one of Mr. P’s relatives? Mr. Holzer believes that the photo could be from the 1840s or 50s.
  • Where did Charles Hamilton and Lloyd Ostendorf get the original photo for their book?
  • What is the history of the picture?

FOLLOW UP: Mr. P is not disappointed that his photo was not Mr. Lincoln. He is actually thrilled that he owns a genuine ‘fake’ now. And it has given him a new area of research to investigate. History can be exciting, even if it isn’t on the ‘main stage’. Keep hunting Mr. P!

THANK YOU: Finally, I want to personally thank Mr. Harold Holzer for his time and efforts in helping me assist Mr. P  in this project. As well, I’d like to also thank Kevin O. Johnson, Ph.D in Dallas, Christy and Tins (pardijoe) for offering their comments, direction and assistance in solving the puzzle as well. Many many many thanks to all of you.

Best

Barry

outreach@awesometalks.com